Tapas

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Tapas

Postby Mutita » Fri May 06, 2011 12:14 pm

:D

Tapas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Tapas (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈtapas]) is the name of a wide variety of appetizers, or snacks, in Spanish cuisine.
They may be cold (such as mixed olives and cheese) or warm (such as chopitos, which are battered, fried baby squid).
In select bars in Spain, as well as some parts of North America and the United Kingdom, tapas has evolved into an entire, and sometimes sophisticated, cuisine.
In Spain, patrons of tapas can order many different tapas and combine them to make a full meal. In some Central American countries such snacks are known as bocas.

The serving of tapas is designed to encourage conversation because people are not so focused upon eating an entire meal that is set before them. Also, in some countries it is customary for diners to stand and move about while eating tapas.

History

The word "tapas" is derived from the Spanish verb tapar, "to cover".

According to legend, the tapas tradition began when king Alfonso X of Castile recovered from an illness by drinking wine with small dishes between meals. After regaining his health, the king ordered that taverns would not be allowed to serve wine to customers unless it was accompanied by a small snack or "tapa."

According to The Joy of Cooking, the original tapas were the slices of bread or meat which sherry drinkers in Andalusian taverns used to cover their glasses between sips. This was a practical measure meant to prevent fruit flies from hovering over the sweet sherry.
The meat used to cover the sherry was normally ham or chorizo, which are both very salty and activate thirst. Because of this, bartenders and restaurant owners began creating a variety of snacks to serve with sherry, thus increasing their alcohol sales.
The tapas eventually became as important as the sherry.

Tapas has evolved through Spanish history by incorporating ingredients and influences from many different cultures and countries. Most of the Iberian Peninsula was invaded by the Romans, who introduced the olive and irrigation methods.
The invasion of the North African Moors in the 8th century brought almonds, citrus fruits and fragrant spices. The influence of their 700-year presence remains today, especially in Andalusia.
The discovery of the New World brought the introduction of tomatoes, sweet and chili peppers, maize (corn), beans and potatoes. These were readily accepted and easily grown in Spain's microclimates.


In Spain, dinner is usually served between 9 p.m. and 11 p.m. (sometimes as late as 12 midnight), leaving significant time between work and dinner.
Therefore, Spaniards often go "bar hopping" (Spanish: Ir de tapas) and eat tapas in the time between finishing work and having dinner.
Since lunch is usually served between 1 and 3 p.m., another common time for tapas is weekend days around noon as a means of socializing before lunch proper at home.

It is very common for a bar or a small local restaurant to have 8 to 12 different kinds of tapas in warming trays with glass partitions covering the food.
They are often very strongly flavored with garlic, chilies or paprika, cumin, salt, pepper, saffron and sometimes in plentiful amounts of olive oil.
Often one or more of the choices is seafood (mariscos), often including anchovies, sardines or mackerel in olive oil, squid or others in a tomato based sauce, sometimes with the addition of red or green peppers or other seasoning.
It is rare to see a tapas selection not include one or more types of olives, such as manzanilla or arbequina olives. One or more types of bread are usually available to eat with any of the sauce-based tapas.

In Madrid, Castilla-La Mancha, Castilla y León, Asturias, Extremadura, and in parts of Andalucia, when you go to a bar and order a drink, you will often get a tapa for free. As a drink, it is usual to ask for a caña (small beer), a chato (glass of wine) or a mosto (grape juice).
In several cities, there are entire zones dedicated to tapas bars; each one serving their own unique dish. In León you can find the Barrio Húmedo, in Logroño Calle Laurel and in Burgos Calle de la Sombrerería and Calle de San Lorenzo.

Sometimes, especially in Northern Spain, they're also called pinchos (spelled pintxos in Basque) in Navarre, the Basque Country, Cantabria and in some provinces like Salamanca; this is because many of them have a pincho or toothpick through them.
The toothpick is used to keep whatever the snack is made of from falling off the slice of bread it is attached to and to keep track of the number of tapas the customer has eaten. Differently priced tapas have different shapes or have toothpicks of different sizes.
The price of a single tapa ranges from 1.00 to 2 euros. Another name for them is banderillas
(diminutive of bandera "flag"), in part because some of them resemble the colorful spears used in bullfighting.

Tapas can be "upgraded" to bigger portions, equivalent to half a dish (media ración) or a whole one (ración). This is generally more economical when a tapa is being ordered by more than one person.
The portions are usually shared by diners, and a meal made up of raciones resembles a Chinese dim sum, Korean banchan or Middle Eastern mezze.


มาที่สเปนสิ่งหนึ่งที่ขาดไม่ได้ที่จะต้องลิ้มลองคือ Tapas ต่างๆ เรียกว่าถ้าไปร้านไหนมองแล้วไม่มีเจ้า Tapas วางโชว์เป็นเดินออกไปร้านใหม่ แต่เท่าที่ผ่านๆมา แทบจะไม่มีเลยก็ว่าได้ ที่จะไม่มี Tapas วางโชว์ไว้บนบาร์ ที่ชอบมากที่สุดก็คงจะเป็น Tapas ที่ Hervas อร่อยถูกใจ และก็มีให้เลือกมากมาย บางเมืองนัทมองๆดูแล้วไม่ค่อยกล้ากิน

เรามาดูกันดีกว่าว่าหน้าตาเจ้า Tapas ที่ว่านี่น่ากินสำหรับเพื่อนๆรึเปล่า..


Taspas from Camping Las Cañadas cafeteria & restaurante,(Hervás) Spain

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Re: Tapas

Postby Mutita » Fri May 06, 2011 2:10 pm

:D

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I am a food lover - that is why I created http://www.food-lover.co.uk The home of great Recipes and almost everything about food ! My Websites : http://www.mutita.co.uk - http://www.carnabybelle.co.uk . Our generous hosts : http://www.orangutan.co.uk - http://www.theholt.co.uk
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Re: Tapas

Postby Mutita » Fri May 06, 2011 2:34 pm

:D

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I am a food lover - that is why I created http://www.food-lover.co.uk The home of great Recipes and almost everything about food ! My Websites : http://www.mutita.co.uk - http://www.carnabybelle.co.uk . Our generous hosts : http://www.orangutan.co.uk - http://www.theholt.co.uk
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Re: Tapas

Postby Mutita » Fri May 06, 2011 2:48 pm

:D

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Tapas from El Riviera , Bejar (Salamanca) Spain

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Tapas from La Taberna Extremeña, Plasencia (Cáceres), Spain (España)

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Tapas from Restaurante El Fogón de Muñoz, Humilladero, España

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I am a food lover - that is why I created http://www.food-lover.co.uk The home of great Recipes and almost everything about food ! My Websites : http://www.mutita.co.uk - http://www.carnabybelle.co.uk . Our generous hosts : http://www.orangutan.co.uk - http://www.theholt.co.uk
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Re: Tapas

Postby Mutita » Fri May 06, 2011 3:27 pm

:D

Tapas from Área Ambroz Cafeteria & Grill (Hervás) , Spain

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I am a food lover - that is why I created http://www.food-lover.co.uk The home of great Recipes and almost everything about food ! My Websites : http://www.mutita.co.uk - http://www.carnabybelle.co.uk . Our generous hosts : http://www.orangutan.co.uk - http://www.theholt.co.uk
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Re: Tapas

Postby Mutita » Fri May 06, 2011 3:47 pm

:D

Tapas from Taberna La Juderia,(Hervás), Spain

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I am a food lover - that is why I created http://www.food-lover.co.uk The home of great Recipes and almost everything about food ! My Websites : http://www.mutita.co.uk - http://www.carnabybelle.co.uk . Our generous hosts : http://www.orangutan.co.uk - http://www.theholt.co.uk
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